Utilization of the Antibiogram in Clinical Practice

University of Kentucky College of Medicine

University of Kentucky College of Medicine is accredited by Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide a continuing medical education for physicians. University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy is accredited by Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) to provide continuing education for pharmacists. The professional continuing education of physicians has always been an important part of the institution's missions in education, research and patient care. UK Healthcare CECentral offers a full range of CME-certified educational activities to physicians and other health professionals across a full range of specialties at a regional and national level.

UK Healthcare CECentral activities are grounded in ongoing comprehensive needs assessment and gap analysis and a design of educational curricula which allows for a variety of learning styles and acknowledges adult learning principles and theories. The peer-review process ensures that all content is valid, unbiased, scientifically sound, and that all clinical recommendations are based on the best evidence available. Evaluations include measurements of behavioral changes and the achievement of clinical practice improvements that will result in better patient care and health outcomes.

Center for Independent Healthcare Education

Center for Independent Healthcare Education ("Center") is committed to enhancing the quality of patient care by providing the healthcare team with independent, fair balanced, and scientifically sound educational initiatives that impact their knowledge, competence, and performance. These evidence-based educational initiatives aim to improve patient outcomes by imparting knowledge and changing behavior of the members of interdisciplinary healthcare team.

The Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) has recognized Center as a change agent dedicated to healthcare quality improvement giving it the highest level of accreditation "Accreditation with Commendation" based on the updated 2006 Criteria. Center is also accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) as a provider of continuing pharmacy education. As an ACCME and ACPE accredited provider of continuing medical and pharmacy education, Center develops and evaluates effective educational programs that target identified practice gaps and educational needs amongst physicians, pharmacists, and other healthcare professionals.

Vemco MedEd

Vemco MedEd is an instructional design expert with extensive experience in unique educational formats based on adult learning principles. Vemco MedEd ensures that each activity is based on predisposing-enabling-reinforcing educational framework associated with effective CE by:

  • engaging learners,
  • helping them reflect on current practices,
  • identifying a gap between their current and desired practice performance, and then
  • encouraging them to practice what they are learning with feedback to close that gap.

This is achieved through collecting, analyzing, synthesizing data and information gathered from educational activities and applying it while planning subsequent activities/Initiatives. Continuous feedback from the learners also helps Vemco MedEd refine instructional frameworks. Learner feedback is used to train the expert faculty in methods of effective teaching.


Comprehensive scientific content in this educational resource and its application in clinical practice have been made possible by Contributing Editors who share

  • Passion for appropriate therapy as a means to improve healthcare efficiency
  • Belief that accurate generation and interpretation of the hospital antibiogram is a means to achieve appropriate empiric antimicrobial therapy

Contributing Editors are

  • Reviewers for peer-reviewed journals:
    American Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, Pharmacotherapy, Annals of Pharmacotherapy, Clinical Infectious Diseases, and Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.
  • Members of several professional organizations on the forefront of advocating appropriate management of infectious diseases: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists, American Society of Microbiology, and Society for Hospital Epidemiology of America. Authors of seminal papers and guidelines

Educational Collaborators

CME/CPE Accredited Providers

Gap Analysis and Needs Assessment
Educational Objectives Design
Comprehensive Scientific Content and its Application in Clinical Practice
Educational Resource: Design, Structure. Presentation Modules, Case Exercises, Learning Community

Instructional Design Partner

Outcomes Assessment Impact on Practice Performance